CPSC is an important consumer protection organization in the United States. It is the abbreviation of consumer product safety committee, namely consumer product safety association. The CPSC was established in 1972. Its responsibility is to protect the interests of consumers and protect personal and family safety by reducing the risk of injury and death of consumer goods. The main functions of CPSC are as follows: to establish self regulatory standards for producers, and to formulate mandatory standards or prohibitions for consumer goods without standards to follow. Conduct inspection on products with potential hazards, and feed back opinions to consumers through various channels, including media, state, local governments, and individual organizations. CPSC is now responsible for the safety monitoring of more than 15000 consumer products.
1. Establish unified and compulsory national standards in the United States.
2. Further standardize lead containing toys
3. Label toys with traceability.
4. Convert the voluntary standard ASTM F963 into mandatory standard.
5. Implement compulsory third test on some children's products and control 6 kinds of phthalates in toys
Test item details
CPSIA regulations are divided into two parts. The first part deals with "children's product safety", and the second part concerns "reform of consumer product safety committee". The first part covers the following chapters:
Article 101. Lead containing children's products; lead paint standards
Article 102. Mandatory third party testing of certain children's products
Article 103. Tracking labelling of children's products
Article 104. Durable infant product standards and consumer registration
Section 105. Advertising labelling requirements for toys and game equipment
Section 106. Mandatory toy safety standards
Section 107. Research on preventable injuries and deaths related to consumer goods among ethnic minority children
Section 108. Prohibition of the sale of products containing specific phthalates
CPSIA modifies the content of phthalates, which is as follows
(a) Children's toys or child care products shall not contain more than 0.1% of the following phthalates
Di - (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate DEHP di - (2-ethylhexl) phthalates
BBP benzoyl butyl phthalates
(b) Toys or child care products that can be put into children's mouth shall not contain more than 0.1% of the following phthalates
Dpenpdi-n-pentyl phthalates (generally call as dnpp)
Dhexp di-n-hexyl phthalates (generally call as dnhp)
Rule (b) is based on the recommendation of the chronic hazards Advisory Group (CHAP), which reviewed the health effects of phthalates in children's toys and child care products. According to the chap report, CPSC found that the five phthalate chemicals were harmful to male reproductive development.
The final rule will limit the use of phthalates in children's toys and child care products to eight, with a concentration of no more than 0.1%.
Testing and certification
CPSC is responsible for the certification of various products on the market, which is also known as CPSC certification.
There are 15000 different products managed in CPSC's existing catalogue. CPSC rules are the way to collect safety data of products, prompt customers about the risks of products and reduce hazards. CPSC's rules for the safety of fire hazards, and other electronic hazards. CPSC's rules also apply to products that are involved in litigation, fail to implement safety standards and cause injury or death. Manufacturers, importers, distributors and retailers must report the unsafe products in written form. Only the products with safety marks can enter the market.
Security certificate required
Importers and manufacturers must comply with the certificate of conformity provided by CPSIA's distributors and retailers. These certificates indicate that the product has been properly tested and meets the requirements of CPSIA. Without these certificates, it is likely that it will be rejected when they arrive at the store and the product is shipped, so there are some built-in compliance checks in the new behavior.